NHS – Blood Identification VR

Challenge

Blood type identification is a simple and common process, but the effects of getting it wrong can be devastating. Even a small amount of transfused blood of the wrong type can very quickly cause serious illness & even death.

Use Case

The primary purpose of this experience, as outlined by the requirement of the NHS Blood & Transplant department, is to show how quickly blood agglutination can occur when different blood types are mixed. The aim is to build understanding around how important it is to select the right blood type for transfusions and what can quickly go wrong for the patient if you don’t.

To deliver on that purpose, by the end of this experience learners are able to:

  • Replicate the tile method for identifying blood types.
  • Deduce a blood type from Red Blood Cells (RBC) agglutination evidence.
  • List laboratory best practices: correctly setting up controls, demonstrating dexterity with fine motor skills, and being methodical in their approach.
  • Discuss the importance of selecting the right blood type for transfusions.
  • Explain the consequences of giving a patient the wrong blood type.
  • Learn without using vital blood supplies and/or generate additional hygiene and plastic waste (pastettes & pipettes).

Build

As a pilot stage concept, Make Real and NHSBT worked together closely to ensure maximum value for the limited budget was achievable for development into this important area of training and end use case. Only by developing for Oculus Quest full VR hardware, offering reliable 6DoF tracking, performance and contained standalone nature could VR be deployed within hospital training environments, free from tethers and other hardware requirements, otherwise increasing costs and health & safety risks.

The finesse of the Oculus Touch controllers and their input meant that the delicate, fine motor skills necessary to interact with a pipette and the motion of mixing the blood to enable agglutination to occur, without causing contamination between samples upon the grid, combined with virtual feedback systems to inform the learner of their method suitability and necessary pressure levels.

Despite being a pilot, the design has incorporated a deep matrix of possible variations of patient and blood type, ensuring that the training is more than just learn by doing, but relies upon the learner to apply their knowledge and understanding with each play-through in order to correctly determine blood types as a result of the simulation of agglutination and choosing the correct blood type for transfusion and saving a virtual patient’s life.

This project will be the first to be rolled out across NHS using the new Oculus for Business enterprise platform for improved security of data, device management and enterprise features including kiosk mode and offline data collection and reporting, as a result of Make Real’s inclusion within the Oculus ISV Partnership programme.

Impact

Initial feedback has been overwhelmingly positive but due to deployment date and impact of coronavirus COVID-19 upon the NHS and wider health sectors, full-scale rollout deployment and testing has been put on hold temporarily as associated stakeholders have been positioned within the emergency response teams. However it has already opened up avenues of discussion around other use cases to apply VR training to, within NHS L&D and the wider organisation, beyond the stereotypical expected uses.

The VR training application has been nominated in the AIXR VRAwards 2020 for the “VR for Healthcare” category.

Key Facts
Date Deployed
2020
Hardware
Oculus Quest
Key Features
Virtual physics proof-of-concept
Complex interactions simulation
Designed to reduce finite materials wastage
Further Info

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